Year 2019, Volume 2 , Issue 2, Pages 39 - 47 2019-09-30

İnek gübresinin Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae) büyümesine ve biyoaktif bileşenlerine etkisi
Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae)

Achmad Yozar PERKASA [1] , Danner SAGALA [2] , Erik MULYANA [3] , Rahmi TAUFIKA [4] , Rista DELYANI [5]


Bu araştırmanın amacı, tıbbi bir bitki olan Gynura pseudochina’nın farklı miktarlarda inek gübresiyle yetiştirilmesi ile büyümesine ve yaprak bileşenlerine olan etkisinin ortaya konulmasıdır. Çalışmalar rastgele bir blok tasarımında oluşturulmuştur. İlk faktör, üç aşamada farklı inek gübresi dozu (0 g polybag-1 (kontrol), 500 g polybag-1 ve 1000 g polybag-1) ile oluşturulmuştur. Çalışma dört defa tekrarlanmıştır. Veriler,  SAS 9.1.3 programında, varyans analizi ile analiz edilmiş, % 5 düzeyinde önemli faklılık gözlenenler Duncan'ın Multiple Range Testi ile de analiz edilmiştir. Çalışmalar sonucunda, inek gübresinin farklı dozları ile yapılan gübreleme tedavisinin bitkiler dikildikten 3 hafta sonra büyümede önemli bir farklılık sağlamadığı ama 4 hafta sonra yaprak genişliğinin en fazla oranda olduğu gözlenmiştir. Bu çalışmada kullanılan inek dışkısı ile gübrelemenin Gynura pseudochina’nın yaprağının biyoaktif bileşiklerinin içeriğini ve kanopilerin, yumrularının büyümesini arttırmadığı belirlenmiştir. Bitkilerin ekiminden iki hafta sonra gerçekleşen yüksek oranda tırtıl istilası Gynura pseudochina’nın büyümesini ve biyoaktif bileşiklerinin üretimini bozmuştur. Çalışma sonuçları açıkça göstermiştir ki inek gübresiyle gübrelemenin kanopilerin, yumruların büyümesini ve Gynura pseudochina’nın biyoaktif bileşiklerinin içeriğini düzgün şekilde arttırmamıştır.



The objective of this study is to determine the effect of different amounts of cow manure on growth and leaf content of Gynura pseudochina, a medicinal plant. The experiment was arranged in a randomized block design. The first factor was the dose of cow manure with three levels (0 g polybag-1 (control), 500 g polybag-1 and 1000 g of polybag-1). Each experiment was repeated as 4 times. The data were analyzed with variance analysis by SAS 9.1.3 programme, significant differences at 5% were also analyzed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test. As a result of the studies, it was observed that the fertilization treatment with different doses of cow manure did not provide a significant difference in growth after 3 weeks after planting, but the leaf width was the highest after 4 weeks. In this study, it was determined that cow feces and fertilization did not increase the content of bioactive compounds of the leaf of Gynura pseudochina and the growth of canopies and tubers. The high rate of caterpillar infestations that occurred two weeks after planting disrupted the growth of Gynura pseudochina and the production of bioactive compounds. The results of the study clearly showed that cow manure did not properly increase the growth of canopies, tubers and the content of bioactive compounds of Gynura pseudochina.



  • Bockman OC, Kaarstad O (1999). Agriculture Fertilizers and The Environment. Cambridge. United Kingdom: The University Press. 294 p.
  • Fuadzy H, Marina R (2012). Potential of Dewa Leaves (Gyanura pseudochina [L.] DC.) As Aedes Aegypti (Linn.) Larvacides. Aspirator 4(1): 7-13.
  • Gati E, Purnamaningsih R (1994). Micropropagation of deity leaves through in vitro culture. Proceedings of the Symposium on Research in Natural Medicine VIII. Spice and Medicinal Plant Research Institute. Vol VIII: pp. 58-61.
  • Hernani A (2008). Effect of cow manure dosage on growth of organic Java chili (Piper reftrofractum Vahl) seedlings [thesis]. Bogor (ID): Bogor Agricultural University.
  • Lingga P (1998). Instructions for Using Fertilizers. Jakarta (ID): Penebar Swadaya. 163 p.
  • Mahendra B (2005). 13 Types of effective medicinal plants. Jakarta (ID): Penebar Swadaya.
  • Marsono SP (2001). Root Fertilizer, Types and Applications. Jakarta (ID): Penebar Swadaya. 96 p.
  • Moraliza I (2004). The effect of casting and cow manure on the production of lleaves of Dewa Leaf [thesis]. Bogor: Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University.
  • Nakbanpote W, Natthawoot P, Kannika S, Orapan M, Wattchara N (2010). Advances in Doctoral Research Research: A Case Study of Gynura pseudochina (L.) DC. Mahasarakham University, Thailand.
  • Novayanti D (2012). Effect of dewa leaf extract (Gyanura pseudochina [L.] DC.) On bleeding and coagulation time in white rats (Rattus norvegicus L) as one of the alternative sources of learning biology on the circulatory system class XI semester I Madrasah Aliyah [essay]. Yogyakarta (ID): Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University.
  • Ratnaningsih I, Dyatmiko C, Santa IGP (1985). Preliminary phytochemical study of Gynura procumbens Back. Purwokerto: Proceedings of the first seminar on the cultivation of medicinal plants October 17-18 1985. 8 p.
  • Santoso B (1997). Efficacy of pre-grown herbicides at various doses of cow manure on the growth and yield of rhino ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) [thesis]. Bogor (ID): Bogor Agricultural University.
  • Soepardi G (1983). Nature and Characteristics of Soil. Bogor (ID): Land Department. Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University. 591.
  • Soetarno S, Suganda AG, Sugihartina G, Sukrasno H (2000). Flavonoids and phenolic acids from the leaves of dewa leaf (Gynura procumbens). News of Indonesian Medicinal Plants. 6: 6-7.
  • Sugito, Y, Nuraini Y, Nihayati E (1995). Organic Farming System. Faculty of Agriculture. Brawijaya University. Poor. 84 p.
  • Suharmiati, Maryani H (2003). Benefits and Benefits of Dewa Leaves and Sambung Nyawa. Jakarta (ID): Agromedia Library. 49 p.
  • Suriadikarta DA, Simanungkalit RDM (2006). Organic Fertilizers and Biofertilizers. Simanungkalit RDM, Suriadikarta DA, Saraswati R, Setyorini D, Hartatik W, editor. Bogor (ID): Center for Agricultural Research and Development of Agricultural Land Resources.
  • Sutanto R (2002). Application of Organic Agriculture: Correctional and Development. Yogyakarta (ID): Kanisius. 219 p.
  • Sutedjo, MM (1994). Fertilizer and Fertilization Method. Rineka Putra. Jakarta (ID): 176 things.
  • Syukur C, Hermani (2001). Commercial Medicinal Cultivation. Jakarta (ID): Penebar Swadaya.
  • Taiz L, Zeiger E (2002). Plant Physiology. Sinauer Associates
  • Taufiq A, Kuntyastuti H, Prahoro C, Wardani T (2006). Provision of lime and manure on soybeans on acidic dry land. Increased Production of Pulses and Tubes Supporting Food Independence. Agricultural Research and Development Agency. Food Crop Research and Development Center. Bogor. Thing 214-228.
  • Tripatmasari M (2008). Effect of fertilization and harvesting time on anthocyanin production of leaves and quercetin tubers of the leaves of dewa leaf (Gynura pseudochina (L.) Dc). [Thesis] not published. Postgraduate School. Agricultural Institute. Bogor.
  • Utami NW, Hartutiningsih B (1998). Productivity of Gynura procumbens (LM). on various growing media and shade levels. Bogor: Botanical Research and Development. Research Center for Biology-LIPI.
  • Vickery ML, Vickery B (1981) Secondary Plant Metabolism. London and Basingstoke (UK): The Mc Millan Pres Ltd.
  • Wanohadi E, Palupi S (2000). Comparison of microscopic and macroscopic dewa leaf powder (Gynura procumbens var. Macrophylla) with life-sustaining (Gynura procumbens (Lour) Merr.) News of Indonesian medicinal plants. 6: 4-5.
  • Windono T, Jenie UA (2012). Exploration and isolation of the bioactive content of leaves and tubers of dewa leaf Gyanura pseudochina [L.] DC.) [Thesis]. Yogyakarta (ID): Gajah Mada University.
  • Yuliarti N (2009). 1001 Ways to Produce Organic Fertilizers. Yogyakarta (ID): Lily Publisher. 70 things.
Primary Language en
Subjects Basic Sciences
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8327-1599
Author: Achmad Yozar PERKASA (Primary Author)
Institution: Ankara University
Country: Indonesia


Orcid: 0000-0003-0588-3669
Author: Danner SAGALA
Institution: Bogor Agricultural University

Orcid: 0000-0002-2011-3139
Author: Erik MULYANA
Institution: Bogor Agricultural University

Orcid: 0000-0001-6862-2832
Author: Rahmi TAUFIKA
Institution: Bogor Agricultural University

Orcid: 0000-0003-0165-7891
Author: Rista DELYANI
Institution: Bogor Agricultural University

Dates

Publication Date : September 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { biodiversity567121, journal = {Turkish Journal of Biodiversity}, issn = {}, eissn = {2667-4386}, address = {turkbiod@artvin.edu.tr}, publisher = {Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Ali Nihat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi}, year = {2019}, volume = {2}, pages = {39 - 47}, doi = {}, title = {Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae)}, key = {cite}, author = {PERKASA, Achmad Yozar and SAGALA, Danner and MULYANA, Erik and TAUFIKA, Rahmi and DELYANI, Rista} }
APA PERKASA, A , SAGALA, D , MULYANA, E , TAUFIKA, R , DELYANI, R . (2019). Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae). Turkish Journal of Biodiversity , 2 (2) , 39-47 . Retrieved from http://turkbiod.artvin.edu.tr/en/issue/44463/567121
MLA PERKASA, A , SAGALA, D , MULYANA, E , TAUFIKA, R , DELYANI, R . "Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae)". Turkish Journal of Biodiversity 2 (2019 ): 39-47 <http://turkbiod.artvin.edu.tr/en/issue/44463/567121>
Chicago PERKASA, A , SAGALA, D , MULYANA, E , TAUFIKA, R , DELYANI, R . "Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae)". Turkish Journal of Biodiversity 2 (2019 ): 39-47
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae) AU - Achmad Yozar PERKASA , Danner SAGALA , Erik MULYANA , Rahmi TAUFIKA , Rista DELYANI Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Biodiversity JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 39 EP - 47 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - -2667-4386 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Türk Biyoçeşitlilik Dergisi Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae) %A Achmad Yozar PERKASA , Danner SAGALA , Erik MULYANA , Rahmi TAUFIKA , Rista DELYANI %T Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae) %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Biodiversity %P -2667-4386 %V 2 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD PERKASA, Achmad Yozar , SAGALA, Danner , MULYANA, Erik , TAUFIKA, Rahmi , DELYANI, Rista . "Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae)". Turkish Journal of Biodiversity 2 / 2 (September 2019): 39-47 .
AMA PERKASA A , SAGALA D , MULYANA E , TAUFIKA R , DELYANI R . Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae). Turk J Biod. 2019; 2(2): 39-47.
Vancouver PERKASA A , SAGALA D , MULYANA E , TAUFIKA R , DELYANI R . Effect of cow manure on growth and bioactive components of Gynura pseudochina (Asteraceae). Turkish Journal of Biodiversity. 2019; 2(2): 47-39.