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Gamochaeta coarctata: A new allien species for Turkey

Year 2021, Volume 4, Issue 2, 77 - 81, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.38059/biodiversity.982798

Abstract

Asteraceae is the largest plant family in Turkey and represented by 138 genera and 1336 species in Turkey. In this paper, Gamochaeta coarctata (Willd.) Kerguélen (Asteraceae) which is native in South America, is reported for the first time as a new alien species for Turkey (İstanbul). The plant was noticed, in a population of more than 250 individuals on the side of walking path in May 2021. In order to identify this unfamiliar plant, a sample was taken from the plant and its photographs were taken. When researched, it was seen that the plant is not included in the Flora of Turkey and with the literature review, the plant was identified as Gamochaeta coarctata which a new alien species for Turkey. In order to determine the area distribution of the plant, it was wandered around the land and it was observed that the plant became established on the edges of the walking paths on different routes, on the forest edge and in the meadow by the dam lake. In this paper, the species was introduced with taxonomical and morphological features. Its ecological impact was evaluated with potential risks also. The species can be considered in Turkey as an alien  species and have a rapid expansion potential, but further field investigations on this species are necessary to avoid its diffusion. 

References

  • Aymerich P, Sáez L (2019). Checklist of the vascular alien flora of Catalonia (northeastern Iberian Peninsula, Spain). Mediterranean Botany, 40 (2): 215-242. DOI: 10.5209/mbot.63608
  • Blackburn TM, Essl F, Evans T, Hulme PE, Jeschke JM, Kühn I, Kumschick S, Marková, Z, Mrugała A, Nentwig W, Pergl J, Pyšek P, Rabitsch W, Ricciardi A, Richardson DM, Sendek A, Vilà M, Wilson JRU, Winter M, … Bacher S (2014). A Unified Classification of Alien Species Based on the Magnitude of their Environmental Impacts. PLoS Biology 12: e1001850. DOI:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001850
  • Davis MA, Chew MK, Hobbs RJ, Lugo AE, Ewel JJ, Vermej GJ, Brown JH, Rosenweig ML, Gardener MR, Carroll SP, Thompson K, Pickett STA, Stromberg JC, Tredici PD, Suding KN, Ehrenfeld JG, Grime JP, Mascaro J, Briggs JC (2011). Don't judge species on their origins. Nature 474: 153–154.
  • Drury DG (1971). The American spicate cudweeds adventive to New Zealand (Gnaphalium Section Gamochaeta-Compositae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 9(1): 157-185. DOI:10.1080/0028825X.1971. 10430174]
  • Davis PH (eds) (1975) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands Vol. 5. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Davis PH, Mill RR, Tan K (eds) (1988). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands Vol. 10. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Freire S, Salomon L, Bayon ND, Baeza CM (2016). Taxonomic revision of the genus Gamochaeta Wedd. (Gnaphalieae, Asteraceae) in Chile. Gayana - Botanica 73(2):292-345. DOI: 10.4067/S0717-66432016000200292
  • Galasso F, Conti F, Peruzzi L, Ardenghi NMG, Banfi E, Celesti-Grapow L, Albano A, Alessandrini A, Bacchetta G, Ballelli S, Bandini Mazzanti M, Barberis G, Bernardo L, Blasi C, Bouvet D, Bovio M, Cecchi L, Del Guacchio E, Domina G, Bartolucci F (2018). An updated checklist of the vascular flora alien to Italy. Plant Biosystems 152: 556-592. DOI: 10.1080/11263504.2018.1441197
  • Güner A, Özhatay N, Ekim T, Baser KHC (eds.) (2000). Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands 11, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Güner A, Aslan S, Ekim T, Vural M, Babaç MT (eds.) (2012). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını 1290p.
  • Keller RP, Frang K, Lodge DM (2008). Preventing the spread of invasive species: economic benefits of intervention guided by ecological predictions. Conservation Biology 22(1): 80–88. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2007.00811.x
  • Nesom GL (1990). The taxonomic status of Gamochaeta (Asteraceae: Inuleae) and the species of the United States. Phytologia 68: 186–198.
  • Nesom GL (2004). New species of Gamochaeta (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae) from the eastern United States and comments on similar species. SIDA 21(2): 717-741.
  • Nesom GL (2006). Gamochaeta. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.), Flora of North America, vol. 19. Oxford University Press, New York-Oxford: 431-438. [available online at: http://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=113220. Downloaded on 10 June 2021)
  • Richardson, DM, Pyšek P, Carlton J (2011). A compendium of essential concepts and terminology in invasion ecology. In: Richardson DM (eds). Fifty years of invasion ecology: the legacy of Charles Elton. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 409–420.
  • Roy HE, Rabitsch W, Scalera R, Stewart A, Gallardo B, Genovesi P, Essl F, Adriaens T, Bacher S, Booy O, Branquart E, Brunel S, Copp GH, Dean H, D’hondt B, Joseffon M, Kenis M, Kettunen M, Linnamagi M, Zenetos A (2018). Developing a framework of minimum standards for the risk assessment of alien species. Journal of Applied Ecology 55; 526– 538. DOI:10.1111/1365-2664.13025
  • Uludağ A, Aksoy N, Yazlık A, Arslan ZF, Yazmış E, Üremiş I, Cossu TA, Groom Q, Pergl J, Pyšek P, Brundu G (2017). Alien flora of Turkey: checklist, taxonomic composition and ecological attributes. NeoBiota 35: 61-85. DOI: 10.3897/neobiota.35.12460
  • van Kleunen M, Dawson W, Essl F, Pergl J, Winter M, Weber E, Kreft H, Weigelt P, Kartesz J, Nishino M, Antonova LA, Barcelona JF, Cabezas FJ, Cárdenas D, Cárdenas-Toro J, Castaño N, Chacón E, Chatelain C, Ebel AL Pyšek P (2015). Global exchange and accumulation of non-native plants. Nature 525: 100–103. DOI: 10.1038/nature14910
  • Euro+Med (2006): Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published on the Internet http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/Downloaded on 22.06.2021. http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/PTaxonDetailOccurrence.asp?NameId=7529922&PTRefFk=7000000 Downloaded on 20.06.2021
  • Wunderlin R P, Hansen B F, Franck A R, Essig F B (2021). Atlas of Florida Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/). [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), USF Water Institute.] Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. https://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Specimen Details.aspx?PlantID=983 Downloaded on 22.06.2021.

Gamochaeta coarctata: Türkiye için yeni bir yabancı bitki kaydı

Year 2021, Volume 4, Issue 2, 77 - 81, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.38059/biodiversity.982798

Abstract

Asteraceae (Compositae), Türkiye’de en geniş bitki familyası olup 138 cins ve 1336 türle temsil edilir. Bu çalışmada Gamochaeta coarctata (Willd.) Kerguélen (Asteraceae) Türkiye Florası için yeni bir yabancı tür olarak kaydedilmiştir. İstanbul-Kemerburgaz Kent Ormanı’nda 2021 yılı mayıs ayında yürüyüş yolu kenarında 250 den fazla bitkiden oluşan bir populasyon halinde görülmüştür. Bu bilinmeyen bitkinin tespiti için bitkiden numune alınarak fotoğrafları çekilmiştir Araştırıldığında, bitkinin Türkiye Florasında yer almadığı görülmüş ve yapılan literatür taraması ile bitki Gamochaeta coarctata olarak teşhis edilerek Türkiye için yeni bir yabancı tür olarak teşhis edilmiştir. Bitkinin alanda dağılımını belirlemek için arazide dolaşılmış ve farklı güzergahlardaki yürüyüş yollarının kenarlarında, orman kenarında ve baraj gölü kenarındaki çayırda bitkinin yerleştiği gözlemlenmiştir. Türün bölgeye nasıl ve ne zaman geldiği bilinmemektedir. Hızlı yayılma kabiliyetinde  olan bu yabancı türün bulunduğu bölgede istilacı olma potansiyelinin yüksek olduğu düşünülmektedir. 

References

  • Aymerich P, Sáez L (2019). Checklist of the vascular alien flora of Catalonia (northeastern Iberian Peninsula, Spain). Mediterranean Botany, 40 (2): 215-242. DOI: 10.5209/mbot.63608
  • Blackburn TM, Essl F, Evans T, Hulme PE, Jeschke JM, Kühn I, Kumschick S, Marková, Z, Mrugała A, Nentwig W, Pergl J, Pyšek P, Rabitsch W, Ricciardi A, Richardson DM, Sendek A, Vilà M, Wilson JRU, Winter M, … Bacher S (2014). A Unified Classification of Alien Species Based on the Magnitude of their Environmental Impacts. PLoS Biology 12: e1001850. DOI:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001850
  • Davis MA, Chew MK, Hobbs RJ, Lugo AE, Ewel JJ, Vermej GJ, Brown JH, Rosenweig ML, Gardener MR, Carroll SP, Thompson K, Pickett STA, Stromberg JC, Tredici PD, Suding KN, Ehrenfeld JG, Grime JP, Mascaro J, Briggs JC (2011). Don't judge species on their origins. Nature 474: 153–154.
  • Drury DG (1971). The American spicate cudweeds adventive to New Zealand (Gnaphalium Section Gamochaeta-Compositae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 9(1): 157-185. DOI:10.1080/0028825X.1971. 10430174]
  • Davis PH (eds) (1975) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands Vol. 5. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Davis PH, Mill RR, Tan K (eds) (1988). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands Vol. 10. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Freire S, Salomon L, Bayon ND, Baeza CM (2016). Taxonomic revision of the genus Gamochaeta Wedd. (Gnaphalieae, Asteraceae) in Chile. Gayana - Botanica 73(2):292-345. DOI: 10.4067/S0717-66432016000200292
  • Galasso F, Conti F, Peruzzi L, Ardenghi NMG, Banfi E, Celesti-Grapow L, Albano A, Alessandrini A, Bacchetta G, Ballelli S, Bandini Mazzanti M, Barberis G, Bernardo L, Blasi C, Bouvet D, Bovio M, Cecchi L, Del Guacchio E, Domina G, Bartolucci F (2018). An updated checklist of the vascular flora alien to Italy. Plant Biosystems 152: 556-592. DOI: 10.1080/11263504.2018.1441197
  • Güner A, Özhatay N, Ekim T, Baser KHC (eds.) (2000). Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands 11, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Güner A, Aslan S, Ekim T, Vural M, Babaç MT (eds.) (2012). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını 1290p.
  • Keller RP, Frang K, Lodge DM (2008). Preventing the spread of invasive species: economic benefits of intervention guided by ecological predictions. Conservation Biology 22(1): 80–88. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2007.00811.x
  • Nesom GL (1990). The taxonomic status of Gamochaeta (Asteraceae: Inuleae) and the species of the United States. Phytologia 68: 186–198.
  • Nesom GL (2004). New species of Gamochaeta (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae) from the eastern United States and comments on similar species. SIDA 21(2): 717-741.
  • Nesom GL (2006). Gamochaeta. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.), Flora of North America, vol. 19. Oxford University Press, New York-Oxford: 431-438. [available online at: http://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=113220. Downloaded on 10 June 2021)
  • Richardson, DM, Pyšek P, Carlton J (2011). A compendium of essential concepts and terminology in invasion ecology. In: Richardson DM (eds). Fifty years of invasion ecology: the legacy of Charles Elton. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 409–420.
  • Roy HE, Rabitsch W, Scalera R, Stewart A, Gallardo B, Genovesi P, Essl F, Adriaens T, Bacher S, Booy O, Branquart E, Brunel S, Copp GH, Dean H, D’hondt B, Joseffon M, Kenis M, Kettunen M, Linnamagi M, Zenetos A (2018). Developing a framework of minimum standards for the risk assessment of alien species. Journal of Applied Ecology 55; 526– 538. DOI:10.1111/1365-2664.13025
  • Uludağ A, Aksoy N, Yazlık A, Arslan ZF, Yazmış E, Üremiş I, Cossu TA, Groom Q, Pergl J, Pyšek P, Brundu G (2017). Alien flora of Turkey: checklist, taxonomic composition and ecological attributes. NeoBiota 35: 61-85. DOI: 10.3897/neobiota.35.12460
  • van Kleunen M, Dawson W, Essl F, Pergl J, Winter M, Weber E, Kreft H, Weigelt P, Kartesz J, Nishino M, Antonova LA, Barcelona JF, Cabezas FJ, Cárdenas D, Cárdenas-Toro J, Castaño N, Chacón E, Chatelain C, Ebel AL Pyšek P (2015). Global exchange and accumulation of non-native plants. Nature 525: 100–103. DOI: 10.1038/nature14910
  • Euro+Med (2006): Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published on the Internet http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/Downloaded on 22.06.2021. http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/PTaxonDetailOccurrence.asp?NameId=7529922&PTRefFk=7000000 Downloaded on 20.06.2021
  • Wunderlin R P, Hansen B F, Franck A R, Essig F B (2021). Atlas of Florida Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/). [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), USF Water Institute.] Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. https://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Specimen Details.aspx?PlantID=983 Downloaded on 22.06.2021.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Basic Sciences
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Hatice YILMAZ (Primary Author)
İstanbul Üniversitesi - Cerrahpaşa
0000-0002-4614-9447
Türkiye

Publication Date September 30, 2021
Application Date August 14, 2021
Acceptance Date September 29, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 4, Issue 2

Cite

APA Yılmaz, H. (2021). Gamochaeta coarctata: A new allien species for Turkey . Turkish Journal of Biodiversity , 4 (2) , 77-81 . DOI: 10.38059/biodiversity.982798


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