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Variation in biomass production of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) plants under the influence of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon erectus) extract

Yıl 2020, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 69 - 75, 30.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.38059/biodiversity.729081

Öz

Plant extract is being used for crop yield and biomass enhancement since long time. Using plants extract for the enhancement of growth of other plant is a worthwhile strategy so as to enhance crop yield and crop biomass. Current study is an attempt to increase growth in sunflower plants using lemongrass foliar extract. For this purpose, various trials based on computer modeling have conducted. Pot experiment of sunflower plants has performed in greenhouse conditions that have irrigated by different concentrations of lemongrass extract. Results show that lower concentrations produced significant gain in biomass of crop i.e. greater fresh and dry weight was achieved by 1% samples (7.4±0.8mg and 2.0±0.3mg respectively) while lowest fresh and dry weight attained by 3% samples (2.5±0.2mg and 1.1±0.1mg respectively). Absolute growth rate (AGR) and Relative growth rate (RGR) of the plants are obtained in sequential order of treatment. Control, 0.5% and 2% samples form close linear fit to the model while 0.5% samples produce long tailed positive correlation fit whereas 3% samples are negatively fitted to the model. CDF model produce closely fitted relationship of 1% and control samples while 3% samples negatively corresponded to normal fit. Therefore, current study suggests promoting an efficient agriculture strategy that would be helpful in biomass gain of the crops to sequester carbon and effectively take part in climate mitigation.

Kaynakça

  • Almgir M, Al-amin M (2007). Regeneration status in a proposed biodiversity conservation area of Bangladesh. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences 3:165-172.
  • Borrelli F, Izzo AA (2000). The plant kingdom as a source of anti-ulcer remedies. Phytotheraphy Research 14(8):581–591.
  • Cheel I, Theoduloz C, Rodríguez J, Schmeda-Hirschmann G (2005). Free radical scavengers and antioxidants from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf). Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 53(7):2511–2517.
  • Food and Agricultural Organization. FAO (2005). NFMA – Support to Developing Countries on National Forest Monitoring and Assessment. http://www.fao.org/forestry/19906-0fccd6930d9f093755955ace14354c928.pdf. Downloaded on 10 April 2020.
  • Green R, Tobin B, O’Shea M (2007). Above and below ground biomass measurements in an unthinned stand of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr.). European Journal of Forest Research 126:179-188.
  • Hunt R (1981). The fitted curve in plant growth studies. Mathematics and Plant Physiology (eds D.A. Rose & D.A. Charles-Edwards), London: Academic Press, pp. 283–298.
  • Hunt R (1982) Plant Growth Curves: The Functional Approach to Plant Growth Analysis. London: Edward Arnold press.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2006). IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Volume 4 Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use. http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/vol4.html. Downloaded on 09 April 2020.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2003).Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry. Kanagawa: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, 590 p.
  • Jenkins J, Chojnacky D, Heath L, Birdsey R (2003). National-scale biomass estimators for United States tree species. Forest Science 49(1):12-35.
  • Kobe RK (1999). Light gradient partitioning among tropical tree species through differential seedling mortality and growth. Ecology 80: 187–201.
  • Lal R (2004). Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science 304: 1623-1627. Doi:10.1126/science.1097396
  • Loaiza UJC, Rodríguez TJA, Ramírez AMV, De Jesús LTA (2010). Estimation of biomass and carbon stocks in plants, soil and forest floor in different tropical forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 260:1906-1913.
  • Leite JR, Seabra MDLV, Maluf E (1986). Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf). III. Assessment of eventual toxic, hypnotic and anxiolytic effects on humans. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 17(1):75–83.
  • Lichaikul N (2004). Change of soil carbon stock and sequestration after conversion of forest to reforestation and agricultural lands [Master’s thesis]. Bangkok: King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi.
  • Lorenz K, Lal R (2009). Biogeochemical C and N cycles in urban soils. Environment International 35:1-8. Doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2008.05.006
  • McMahon TA, Bonner JT (1983) On Size and Life. Scientific American Books, New York, New York.
  • Paine CET, Marthews TR, Vogt DR, Purves D, Rees M, Hector A, Turnbull LA (2012). How to fit nonlinear plant growth models and calculate growth rates: An update for ecologists. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3: 245-256. Doi:10.1111/j.2041-210X.2011.00155.x
  • Paine CET, Harms, KE, Schnitzer SA, Carson WP (2008) Weak competition among tropical tree seedlings: implications for species coexistence. Biotropica 40: 432–440.
  • Peichl M, Arain MA (2006). Above- and belowground ecosystem biomass and carbon pools in an age-sequence of temperate pine plantation forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 140:51-63. Doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.08.004
  • Poorter L (1998). Seedling Growth of Bolivian Rain Forest Tree Species in Relation to Light 688 and Water Availability. Utrecht University.
  • Rajput BS, Bhardwaj DR, Pala NA (2017). Factors influencing biomass and carbon storage potential of different land use systems along an elevational gradient in temperate northwestern Himalaya. Agroforest Systems 91: 479–486. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-016-9948-5
  • Rashid I, Shahbaz A, Malik MA (2002). Sunflower summer legumes intercropping system under rainfed conditions: yield and yield components. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Research 17(3):231-236.
  • Rees M, Osborne CP, Woodward FI, Hulme SP, Turnbull LA, Taylor SH (2010). Partitioning the components of relative growth rate: how important is plant size variation? The American Naturalist 176:152-161.
  • Runnie I, Salleh MN, Mohamed S, Head RJ, Abeywardena MY (2004). Vasorelaxation induced by common edible tropical plant extracts in isolated rat aorta and mesenteric vascular bed. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 92(2-3):311–316.
  • Schimel DS, House JI, Hibbard KA, Bousquet P, Ciais P, Peylin P, Braswell BH, Apps MJ, Baker D,Bondeau A, Canadell J, Churkina G, Cramer W, Denning AS, Field CB, Friedlingstein P, Goodale C, Heimann M, Houghton RA, Melillo JM, Moore B 3rd, Murdiyarso D, Noble I, Pacala SW, Prentice IC, Raupach MR, Rayner PJ, Scholes RJ, Steffen WL, Wirth C (2001). Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems. Nature 414:169-172.
  • Shah NA, Aujla KM, Ishaq M, Farooq A (2013). Trends in sunflower production and its potential in increasing domestic edible oil production in Punjab. Pakistan. Sarhad. Journal of Agriculture 29(1):7-14.
  • Shi L, Liu S (2017) Methods of Estimating Forest Biomass: A Review. In Tumuluru JS (edt). Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy. pp: 23-46. InTech. Doi: 10.5772/65733, ISBN: 978-953-51-2938-7, eBook (PDF) ISBN: 978-953-51-4109-9.
  • Soil Science Society of America (2008). Glossary of Soil Science Terms. Wisconsin: American Society of Agronomy; 2008. 92 p.
  • Tanner EVJ, Teo VK, Coomes DA, Midgley JJ (2005). Pair-wise competition-trials amongst seedlings of ten dipterocarp species; the role of initial height, growth rate and leaf attributes. Journal of Tropical Ecology 21, 317– 328.
  • Thomas SC, Martin AR (2012). Carbon content of tree tissues: A synthesis. Forests 3:332-352. Doi: 10.3390/f3020332.

Limon otu (Cymbopogon erectus) ekstresinin etkisi altında ayçiçeği (Helianthus annuus) bitkilerinin biyokütle üretiminde varyasyon

Yıl 2020, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 69 - 75, 30.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.38059/biodiversity.729081

Öz

Bitki özütü, uzun süredir ürün verimi ve biyokütle arttırımı için kullanılmaktadır. Bitki ekstraktının diğer bitkilerin büyümesini arttırmak için kullanılması, mahsul verimini ve bitki biyokütlesini arttırmak için değerli bir stratejidir. Mevcut çalışma limon yaprakçık özü kullanarak ayçiçeği bitkilerinde büyümeyi artırma girişimidir. Bu amaçla bilgisayar modellemesine dayalı çeşitli denemeler yapılmıştır. Ayçiçeği bitkilerinin pot deneyi, farklı konsantrasyonlarda limon otu ekstresi ile sulanan sera koşullarında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Sonuçlar, daha düşük konsantrasyonların mahsul biyokütlesinde önemli bir kazanç sağladığını, yani daha yüksek taze ve kuru ağırlığın% 1 numunelerle (sırasıyla 7.4 ± 0.8mg ve 2.0 ± 0.3mg), en düşük taze ve kuru ağırlığın ise% 3 numunelerle (2.5 ± Sırasıyla 0.2mg ve 1.1 ± 0.1mg) elde edildiğini gösterir. Bitkilerin mutlak büyüme oranı (AGR) ve nispi büyüme oranı (RGR), sırayla değerlendirme sırasına göre elde edilir. Kontrol,% 0.5 ve% 2 numuneler modele yakın doğrusal uyum sağlarken,% 0.5 numuneler uzun kuyruklu pozitif korelasyon uyumu üretir. % 3 numuneler modele negatif bağlanmıştır. CDF modeli % 1 ile yakın ilişki kurar ve kontrol numuneleri oluştururken,% 3 örnekler normal uyuma negatif olarak karşılık gelir. Bu nedenle, mevcut çalışma, karbonu ayırmak ve iklimin azaltılmasında etkin bir şekilde yer almak için bitkilerin biyokütle kazancında yardımcı olacak verimli bir tarım stratejisinin geliştirilmesini önermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Almgir M, Al-amin M (2007). Regeneration status in a proposed biodiversity conservation area of Bangladesh. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences 3:165-172.
  • Borrelli F, Izzo AA (2000). The plant kingdom as a source of anti-ulcer remedies. Phytotheraphy Research 14(8):581–591.
  • Cheel I, Theoduloz C, Rodríguez J, Schmeda-Hirschmann G (2005). Free radical scavengers and antioxidants from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf). Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 53(7):2511–2517.
  • Food and Agricultural Organization. FAO (2005). NFMA – Support to Developing Countries on National Forest Monitoring and Assessment. http://www.fao.org/forestry/19906-0fccd6930d9f093755955ace14354c928.pdf. Downloaded on 10 April 2020.
  • Green R, Tobin B, O’Shea M (2007). Above and below ground biomass measurements in an unthinned stand of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr.). European Journal of Forest Research 126:179-188.
  • Hunt R (1981). The fitted curve in plant growth studies. Mathematics and Plant Physiology (eds D.A. Rose & D.A. Charles-Edwards), London: Academic Press, pp. 283–298.
  • Hunt R (1982) Plant Growth Curves: The Functional Approach to Plant Growth Analysis. London: Edward Arnold press.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2006). IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Volume 4 Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use. http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/vol4.html. Downloaded on 09 April 2020.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2003).Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry. Kanagawa: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, 590 p.
  • Jenkins J, Chojnacky D, Heath L, Birdsey R (2003). National-scale biomass estimators for United States tree species. Forest Science 49(1):12-35.
  • Kobe RK (1999). Light gradient partitioning among tropical tree species through differential seedling mortality and growth. Ecology 80: 187–201.
  • Lal R (2004). Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science 304: 1623-1627. Doi:10.1126/science.1097396
  • Loaiza UJC, Rodríguez TJA, Ramírez AMV, De Jesús LTA (2010). Estimation of biomass and carbon stocks in plants, soil and forest floor in different tropical forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 260:1906-1913.
  • Leite JR, Seabra MDLV, Maluf E (1986). Pharmacology of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf). III. Assessment of eventual toxic, hypnotic and anxiolytic effects on humans. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 17(1):75–83.
  • Lichaikul N (2004). Change of soil carbon stock and sequestration after conversion of forest to reforestation and agricultural lands [Master’s thesis]. Bangkok: King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi.
  • Lorenz K, Lal R (2009). Biogeochemical C and N cycles in urban soils. Environment International 35:1-8. Doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2008.05.006
  • McMahon TA, Bonner JT (1983) On Size and Life. Scientific American Books, New York, New York.
  • Paine CET, Marthews TR, Vogt DR, Purves D, Rees M, Hector A, Turnbull LA (2012). How to fit nonlinear plant growth models and calculate growth rates: An update for ecologists. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3: 245-256. Doi:10.1111/j.2041-210X.2011.00155.x
  • Paine CET, Harms, KE, Schnitzer SA, Carson WP (2008) Weak competition among tropical tree seedlings: implications for species coexistence. Biotropica 40: 432–440.
  • Peichl M, Arain MA (2006). Above- and belowground ecosystem biomass and carbon pools in an age-sequence of temperate pine plantation forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 140:51-63. Doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.08.004
  • Poorter L (1998). Seedling Growth of Bolivian Rain Forest Tree Species in Relation to Light 688 and Water Availability. Utrecht University.
  • Rajput BS, Bhardwaj DR, Pala NA (2017). Factors influencing biomass and carbon storage potential of different land use systems along an elevational gradient in temperate northwestern Himalaya. Agroforest Systems 91: 479–486. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-016-9948-5
  • Rashid I, Shahbaz A, Malik MA (2002). Sunflower summer legumes intercropping system under rainfed conditions: yield and yield components. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Research 17(3):231-236.
  • Rees M, Osborne CP, Woodward FI, Hulme SP, Turnbull LA, Taylor SH (2010). Partitioning the components of relative growth rate: how important is plant size variation? The American Naturalist 176:152-161.
  • Runnie I, Salleh MN, Mohamed S, Head RJ, Abeywardena MY (2004). Vasorelaxation induced by common edible tropical plant extracts in isolated rat aorta and mesenteric vascular bed. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 92(2-3):311–316.
  • Schimel DS, House JI, Hibbard KA, Bousquet P, Ciais P, Peylin P, Braswell BH, Apps MJ, Baker D,Bondeau A, Canadell J, Churkina G, Cramer W, Denning AS, Field CB, Friedlingstein P, Goodale C, Heimann M, Houghton RA, Melillo JM, Moore B 3rd, Murdiyarso D, Noble I, Pacala SW, Prentice IC, Raupach MR, Rayner PJ, Scholes RJ, Steffen WL, Wirth C (2001). Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems. Nature 414:169-172.
  • Shah NA, Aujla KM, Ishaq M, Farooq A (2013). Trends in sunflower production and its potential in increasing domestic edible oil production in Punjab. Pakistan. Sarhad. Journal of Agriculture 29(1):7-14.
  • Shi L, Liu S (2017) Methods of Estimating Forest Biomass: A Review. In Tumuluru JS (edt). Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy. pp: 23-46. InTech. Doi: 10.5772/65733, ISBN: 978-953-51-2938-7, eBook (PDF) ISBN: 978-953-51-4109-9.
  • Soil Science Society of America (2008). Glossary of Soil Science Terms. Wisconsin: American Society of Agronomy; 2008. 92 p.
  • Tanner EVJ, Teo VK, Coomes DA, Midgley JJ (2005). Pair-wise competition-trials amongst seedlings of ten dipterocarp species; the role of initial height, growth rate and leaf attributes. Journal of Tropical Ecology 21, 317– 328.
  • Thomas SC, Martin AR (2012). Carbon content of tree tissues: A synthesis. Forests 3:332-352. Doi: 10.3390/f3020332.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Temel Bilimler
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Muhammad ASAD Bu kişi benim
Deprtment of Botany, Federal Urdu University
0000-0002-0762-3601
Pakistan


Afsheen KHAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Federal Urdu University Karachi Pakistan
0000-0001-7557-5210
Pakistan


Bushreen JAHAN Bu kişi benim
Deprtment of Botany, Federal Urdu University
0000-0002-8360-5085
Pakistan

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Eylül 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 29 Nisan 2020
Kabul Tarihi 22 Mayıs 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Asad, M. , Khan, A. & Jahan, B. (2020). Variation in biomass production of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) plants under the influence of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon erectus) extract . Turkish Journal of Biodiversity , 3 (2) , 69-75 . DOI: 10.38059/biodiversity.729081

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