Araştırma Makalesi
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An anatomical survey on naturally growing species Frankenia hirsuta and endemic F. salsuginea (Frankeniaceae) in Turkey

Yıl 2022, Cilt 5, Sayı 1, 30 - 35, 31.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.38059/biodiversity.1062515

Öz

In this study, it was aimed to compare the root, stem and leaf anatomies of two species belonging to the Frankeniaceae family including Frankenia hirsuta, which grows naturally in Turkey, and F. salsuginea, an endemic from Tuz Gölü, and to contribute to the taxonomy of the genus. The comprehensive anatomies of the two species are examined for the first time in this study. The anatomical features of the species F. hirsuta and F. salsuginea were not indicated many anatomical features that could distinguish between them in terms of taxonomy, except for features such as periderm thickness, stem indumentum, leaf curliness, lower epidermis indumentum of the leaf. In this study, the presence of salt glands, as an important feature of the genus beside emerges as an adaptation to saline and/or arid environments, was shown, and information was given in order not to be confused with stomatal cells that it resembles in shape. In addition, it has been shown that druse crystals, an ergastic substance are present in all tissues examined.

Kaynakça

  • Al-Tameme HJM (2016). Systematics study of Frankenia L. (Frankeniaceae) in Iraq. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biologica and Chemical Sciences 7(1): 1232–1241.
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG III) (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 105–121.
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG IV) (2016). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1–20.
  • Boissier E (1867). Flora Orientalis: sive enumeratio plantarum in Oriente a Graecia et Aegypto ad Indiae fines hucusque observatarum. Genève: Basileae H. Georg, 514p.
  • Cullen J (1967). Frankenia L. In: Davis P.H. (Ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh: Edinburg University Press, 2: 351–352p.
  • Cutler DF, Botha T, Stevenson DW (2008). Plant Anatomy, An Applied Approach. Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 287p.
  • Çakırlar H, Doğan C, Özmen E (2009). Açıklamalı Genel Botanik ve Bitki Anatomisi Atlası. Ankara: Palme Yayıncılık.
  • Dickison WC (2000). Intagrative Plant Anatomy. USA: Acadaemic Press, 531p.
  • Ekim T (2012). Frankeniaceae Desv. In: Güner A, Aslan S, Ekim T, Vural M, Babaç MT. (Eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). İstanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, 511p.
  • Ersen Bak F, Cesur D (2020). Wood anatomy of some dwarf halophyte shrubs in Turkey: Ecological implication. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 29: 8834–8845.
  • İnce M (2019). Frankenia salsuginea (Frankeniaceae) Türünün Ekolojisi ve Korunması, MSc, Aksaray Üniversitesi, Aksaray, Türkiye.
  • Lawrence GHM (1951). Taxanomy of Vascular Plants. New York: Macmillan publishing Co., 644p.
  • Metcalfe CR, Chalk L (1957). Anatomy of The Dicotyledons, Leaves, Stem and Wood in Relation to Taxonomy with Notes on Economica Uses. London: The Clarendon Press, 1: 145–147p.
  • Plants of the World Online (POWO) (2022). Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/ Erişim: 17.03.2022.
  • Takhtajan AL (1980). Outline of classification of flowering plants (Magnoliophyta). The Botanical Review 46: 255–369.
  • Takhtajan AL (1997). Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants. New York: Columbia University Press, 1–9p.
  • Thorne RF (1983). Proposed new realignments in the angiosperms. Nordic Journal of Botany 3: 85–117.
  • Thorne RF (1992). An Updated Phylogenetic Classification of the Flowering Plants, Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany 13(2): 365–389.
  • Vural M, Duman D, Aytaç Z, Adıgüzel N (2012). A new genus and three new species from Central Anatolia. Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 36: 427–433.
  • Whalen MA (1987). Systematics of Frankenia (Frankeniaceae) in North and South America. Systematic Botany Monographs 17: 1–93.
  • Weiglin C, Winter E (1991). Leaf Structures of Xerohalophytes from an East Jordanian Salt Pan. Flora 185: 405-424.

Türkiye’de doğal olarak yetişen Frankenia hirsuta ve endemik F. salsuginea (Frankeniaceae) türleri üzerine anatomik bir inceleme

Yıl 2022, Cilt 5, Sayı 1, 30 - 35, 31.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.38059/biodiversity.1062515

Öz

Bu çalışmada, Frankeniaceae familyasına ait Türkiye’de doğal olarak yetişen Frankenia hirsuta türü ile bir Tuz Gölü endemiği olan F. salsuginea türlerinin kök, gövde, yaprak anatomilerinin karşılaştırılması ve cinsin taksonomisine katkı sağlanması amaçlanmıştır. İki türün kapsamlı anatomileri bu çalışmayla ilk kez incelenmiştir. F. hirsuta ve F. salsuginea türlerinin anatomik özellikleri incelendiğinde gövde mantar dokusu kalınlığı, gövde tüylenmesi, yaprak kıvrıklığı, yaprak alt epidermis tüyleri gibi özellikler dışında birbirleri arasında taksonomik açıdan ayırt edici olabilecek çok fazla anatomik özellik gözlenmemiştir. Bu çalışmada, tuzcul ve/veya kurak ortama uyum olarak ortaya çıkan ve cinsin de önemli bir özelliği olan tuz bezlerinin varlığı gösterilmiş, şekilsel olarak benzediği stoma hücreleriyle karıştırılmaması amacıyla bilgiler verilmiştir. Ayrıca incelenen tüm dokularda, ergastik bir madde olan druz kristallerinin bulunduğu gösterilmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Al-Tameme HJM (2016). Systematics study of Frankenia L. (Frankeniaceae) in Iraq. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biologica and Chemical Sciences 7(1): 1232–1241.
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG III) (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 105–121.
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG IV) (2016). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1–20.
  • Boissier E (1867). Flora Orientalis: sive enumeratio plantarum in Oriente a Graecia et Aegypto ad Indiae fines hucusque observatarum. Genève: Basileae H. Georg, 514p.
  • Cullen J (1967). Frankenia L. In: Davis P.H. (Ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh: Edinburg University Press, 2: 351–352p.
  • Cutler DF, Botha T, Stevenson DW (2008). Plant Anatomy, An Applied Approach. Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 287p.
  • Çakırlar H, Doğan C, Özmen E (2009). Açıklamalı Genel Botanik ve Bitki Anatomisi Atlası. Ankara: Palme Yayıncılık.
  • Dickison WC (2000). Intagrative Plant Anatomy. USA: Acadaemic Press, 531p.
  • Ekim T (2012). Frankeniaceae Desv. In: Güner A, Aslan S, Ekim T, Vural M, Babaç MT. (Eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). İstanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, 511p.
  • Ersen Bak F, Cesur D (2020). Wood anatomy of some dwarf halophyte shrubs in Turkey: Ecological implication. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 29: 8834–8845.
  • İnce M (2019). Frankenia salsuginea (Frankeniaceae) Türünün Ekolojisi ve Korunması, MSc, Aksaray Üniversitesi, Aksaray, Türkiye.
  • Lawrence GHM (1951). Taxanomy of Vascular Plants. New York: Macmillan publishing Co., 644p.
  • Metcalfe CR, Chalk L (1957). Anatomy of The Dicotyledons, Leaves, Stem and Wood in Relation to Taxonomy with Notes on Economica Uses. London: The Clarendon Press, 1: 145–147p.
  • Plants of the World Online (POWO) (2022). Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/ Erişim: 17.03.2022.
  • Takhtajan AL (1980). Outline of classification of flowering plants (Magnoliophyta). The Botanical Review 46: 255–369.
  • Takhtajan AL (1997). Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants. New York: Columbia University Press, 1–9p.
  • Thorne RF (1983). Proposed new realignments in the angiosperms. Nordic Journal of Botany 3: 85–117.
  • Thorne RF (1992). An Updated Phylogenetic Classification of the Flowering Plants, Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany 13(2): 365–389.
  • Vural M, Duman D, Aytaç Z, Adıgüzel N (2012). A new genus and three new species from Central Anatolia. Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 36: 427–433.
  • Whalen MA (1987). Systematics of Frankenia (Frankeniaceae) in North and South America. Systematic Botany Monographs 17: 1–93.
  • Weiglin C, Winter E (1991). Leaf Structures of Xerohalophytes from an East Jordanian Salt Pan. Flora 185: 405-424.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Biyoloji
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Emre ÇİLDEN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4950-0327
Türkiye


Golshan ZARE>
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5972-5191
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Mart 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 26 Ocak 2022
Kabul Tarihi 25 Mart 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 5, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Çilden, E. & Zare, G. (2022). Türkiye’de doğal olarak yetişen Frankenia hirsuta ve endemik F. salsuginea (Frankeniaceae) türleri üzerine anatomik bir inceleme . Turkish Journal of Biodiversity , 5 (1) , 30-35 . DOI: 10.38059/biodiversity.1062515

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